GASTAT Reports a 4.4% Increase in Non-Oil Sector Activities in Saudi Arabia for the Year 2023.

GASTAT Reports a 4.4% Increase in Non-Oil Sector Activities in Saudi Arabia for the Year 2023.

In a compelling revelation, official data from the General Authority for Statistics (GASTAT) highlights a robust 4.4% surge in Saudi Arabia’s non-oil activities during the year 2023, signaling a noteworthy departure from the previous year’s trends. This report delves into the multifaceted dynamics of the Kingdom’s economic landscape, shedding light on key sectors and factors that have shaped its trajectory.

Government Activities and Strategic Decisions:

Alongside the commendable growth in non-oil activities, government-related endeavors experienced a commendable uptick of 2.1% in 2023 compared to the preceding year. This points to a concerted effort to diversify the economy and reduce dependence on oil revenues.

GASTAT-Oil Production Challenges and Global Commitments:

Despite the positive strides in non-oil sectors, Saudi Arabia’s gross domestic product (GDP) faced a modest contraction of 0.8% in 2023. This decline can be attributed to a deliberate reduction in oil activities, aligning with the Kingdom’s adherence to the OPEC+ agreement. Oil activities, witnessing a 9% decrease in 2023, reflect Saudi Arabia’s commitment to stabilizing global markets.

Strategic Output Cuts and Market Stability:

In an endeavor to maintain market stability, Saudi Arabia implemented an initial 500,000 barrels per day reduction in oil output in April 2023, extending this measure until December 2024. Further, an additional 1 million barrels per day cut in July, lasting until December 2023, showcased the Kingdom’s dedication to global energy equilibrium.

GDP Composition and Contractions:

Despite the contraction in overall GDP, certain sectors stood resilient. Crude petroleum and natural gas activities, constituting 25.4% of the GDP, and government services with a 15.7% contribution, remained integral to the economic landscape. However, the Kingdom experienced a 4.3% contraction in the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to the same period in 2022.


Per Capita GDP and Economic Realities:

Saudi Arabia’s per capita GDP, amounting to SR118,216 in 2023, marked an 8.5% decline from the previous year. This sheds light on the intricate interplay of economic factors, emphasizing the need for strategic policies to navigate challenging global conditions.

Positive Growth in Diverse Sectors:

Contrary to overall GDP contractions, numerous economic activities in Saudi Arabia witnessed positive growth in 2023. Social and personal services activities led the way with an impressive annual growth rate of 10.8%. Transportation, storage, and communications activities followed suit, rising by 7.3%, demonstrating the Kingdom’s resilience and adaptability.


Saudi Arabia’s economic narrative in 2023 reflects a nuanced dance between diversification efforts, global commitments in the oil sector, and the challenges posed by a shifting economic landscape. As the Kingdom navigates these complexities, the positive growth in non-oil sectors and strategic decisions underscore its commitment to sustainable economic development and global stability.

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