Why are There Floods and Unusual Rainfall in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia?

Why are There Floods and Unusual Rainfall in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Arabia’s most famous features are its enormous deserts, breathtaking dunes, and oppressive heat for most of the year. However, following an unprecedented period of heavy rainfall, parts of the country are dealing with extreme floods due to a dramatic shift in weather patterns. The floods in Riyadh, the kingdom’s capital, caused numerous cars to be washed away.

The once-arid Wadis of Saudi Arabia were turned into rivers by rushing waters, causing unexpected and catastrophic floods throughout the area. The sudden deluge caught the locals off guard, with its vast reddish deserts and lush southwestern mountains.\

Saudi Arabia, a country with little annual precipitation, was confronted with a situation for which it was essentially not ready, on a structural and social level.

Dr. Raghu Murtugudde, a former professor of Earth System, Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at the University of Maryland and IIT Bombay, stated: “The winds in the upper atmosphere over the Arabian Sea, Peninsular India, and the Bay of Bengal begin to blow intermittently from east to west as we approach the monsoon season. The Indian Easterly Jet is the name given to these winds. The Westerly Jet is the name for the strong winds that are blowing at the same level from the west to the east in the north of India.”

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