India Updates its Penal Codes from the Colonial Era

India Updates its Penal Codes from the Colonial Era

India revised its criminal rules from the colonial era on Monday. The country’s top judge hailed the move as a “watershed” one, but detractors said it might make the already incredibly slow justice system even worse.

The Interior Minister, Amit Shah, declared that the regulations would assist India in “becoming the most modern justice delivery system in the world.”

The three revised laws, which include the penal code and codes pertaining to criminal procedure and evidence, were passed by India’s previous parliament last year but didn’t go into force until this past Monday.

D. Y. Chandrachud, Chief Justice, stated that they “mark a watershed moment for our society.”

A former law that made sodomy illegal has been repealed, and laws pertaining to sexual assault have been reinforced.

One of the most significant modifications is that police can now detain suspects for up to 60 days, and in certain circumstances, up to 90 days.

Previously, a judge would determine whether a case may go to trial; however, Supreme Court attorney Nipun Saxena opposed the new laws for strengthening the police’s authority to make this determination.

Police cannot take on judicial duties, according to Saxena.

The law has also been updated, requiring that severe offenses be captured on camera and revising what constitutes acceptable digital evidence.

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